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Could I have depression?

Depression is serious and great impacts an individual's life. In fact, depression affects not only a person's mood but also thoughts and behavior. Depression is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a lack of interest oin activities that were once enjoyable. Depression can impact a person's daily life, relationships, and overall well-being. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition Text Revision (DSM 5-TR) (APA, 2022) identifies several types of depression such as major depressive disorder, persistent depressive disorder, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder and several diagnoses related to other causes of

depressive symptoms (e.g., substances)

Symptoms of Depression Symptoms of depression may vary from person to person but can include:

1. Persistent feelings of sadness or feeling empty or hopeless

2. Losing interest in activities that used to bring enjoyment

3. Changes in appetite or weight

4. Sleep changes, such as lack of sleep or sleeping too much

5. A reduction in energy or feeling fatigued

6. Excessive guilt or feeling worthless

7. Concentration problems or difficulty making decision

8. Suicidal thinking or thoughts of death

It's important to note that depression is more than just feeling down or experiencing temporary sadness, as it persists for weeks or longer. If left untreated, depression can significantly impair a person's quality of life and lead to serious consequences, including an increased risk of self-harm or suicide.

The causes of depression is multifaceted and is likely a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. It's not a sign of weakness or a character flaw, and it can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, or background.

Thankfully, depression is a treatable condition. Treatment options often include a combination of psychotherapy, medication, and lifestyle changes. There are various types of psychotherapy approaches that have been shown to effectively treat depression. A therapist can help determine which type of approach is best for your unique symptoms and circumstances. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of depression, it's essential to seek help from a mental health professional to receive an accurate diagnosis and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Crisis Line: Dial 988

Disclaimer: This article is not intended for medical advice. Please consult a healthcare professional for diagnosis and treatment.

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